Culture and History
At the foot of the Samobor mountain in Zagreb county, near the Gradna stream, the city of Samobor has a position of one of the most beautiful places in Croatia. Samobor, a small but important historic location is situated 20 km away from the Croatian capital Zagreb.
Cultural and historical heritage
Samobor takes an important place in Croatian history. In the forests above the city you can see the ruins of a once solid and strong Samobor Castle. Samobor is an ancient settlement with remains from the Stone Age and the Iron Age, which was considered to be one of the medieval, prominent and "free royal cities", as declared by the charter of King Bela IV. Since that times, the historical and cultural heritage has been significantly reproduced it the city and its surroundings.
Since the 1260s when the construction of the Samobor Castle had begun, numerous conflicts and struggles for freedom - with both domestic and foreign attackers - were evidenced within historical documents and articles. A stronger development of mining in copper and iron mines began during the 16th century in the village of Rude. In 1535, the school was mentioned for the first time: "There were not only domestic children but foreigners- noblemen," says Milan Lang in his Monument of the State Primary School of Samobor. Gradska glazba Samobor, a city musical orchestra, was founded in 1807. and has been operating continuously until today. Samobor is a unique small place which has brought numerous important dates into the cultural and national heritage of Croatia.
Gathering place of Ilyrian movement
Liberal ideas, brought by Napoleon's soldiers, are just a step further in developing the thought of freedom in Croatia. With the arrival of Ferdo Livadić in Samobor, his house and the city itself have become the center of cultural and political life. During that period, Samobor has a strong sense of Croatian identity and supports the national movement.
In the winter of 1833, Ljudevit Gaj wrote the song "Još Hrvatska ni propala" during his visit to Ferdo Livadić, who has made accompanying musical composition the same evening. Apart from Gaj, Samobor was a gathering place for Vukotinović, Rakovac, Štoos, Vraz, Bogović, Drašković, Jelačić, Trnski, Preradović, Mažuranić and others. Stanko Vraz, also called "Illyrian from Styria", has settled in Samobor in 1836. where he met Julijana "Ljubica" Cantilly, to whom he dedicated his well-known corpus of love songs - “Đulabije”. Vraz considered Samobor as a place of his own; Antun Gustav Matoš, a famous Croatian poet, wrote during his visit to Samobor: "Vraz is truly a citizen of Samobor, because we are the places we love the most".