City of Samobor

Culture and History

At the foot of the Samobor mountain in Zagreb county, near the Gradna stream, the city of Samobor has a position of one of the most beautiful places in Croatia. Samobor, a small but important historic location is situated 20 km away from the Croatian capital Zagreb.

Culture and History

Cultural and historical heritage

Samobor takes an important place in Croatian history. In the forests above the city you can see the ruins of a once solid and strong Samobor Castle. Samobor is an ancient settlement with remains from the Stone Age and the Iron Age, which was considered to be one of the medieval, prominent and "free royal cities", as declared by  the charter of King Bela IV. Since that times, the historical and cultural heritage has been significantly reproduced it the city and its surroundings. 
Since the 1260s when the construction of the Samobor Castle had begun, numerous conflicts and struggles for freedom - with both domestic and foreign attackers - were evidenced within historical documents and articles. A stronger development of mining in copper and iron mines began during the 16th century in the village of Rude. In 1535, the school was mentioned for the first time: "There were not only domestic children but foreigners- noblemen," says Milan Lang in his Monument of the State Primary School of Samobor. Gradska glazba Samobor, a city musical orchestra, was founded in 1807. and has been operating continuously until today. Samobor is a unique small place which has brought numerous important dates into the cultural and national heritage of Croatia.

 

Gathering place of Ilyrian movement

Liberal ideas, brought by Napoleon's soldiers, are just a step further in developing the thought of freedom in Croatia. With the arrival of Ferdo Livadić in Samobor, his house and the city itself have become the center of cultural and political life. During that period, Samobor has a strong sense of Croatian identity and supports the national movement.
 
In the winter of 1833, Ljudevit Gaj wrote the song "Još Hrvatska ni propala" during his visit to Ferdo Livadić, who has made accompanying musical composition the same evening. Apart from Gaj, Samobor was a gathering place  for Vukotinović, Rakovac, Štoos, Vraz, Bogović, Drašković, Jelačić, Trnski, Preradović, Mažuranić and others. Stanko Vraz, also called "Illyrian from Styria", has settled in Samobor in 1836.  where he met Julijana "Ljubica" Cantilly, to whom he dedicated his well-known corpus of love songs - “Đulabije”. Vraz considered Samobor as a place of his own; Antun Gustav Matoš, a famous Croatian poet, wrote during his visit to Samobor: "Vraz is truly a citizen of Samobor, because we are the places we love the most".

Samobor is the city in which the poets, sculptors and compositors have fallen in love. They were writing about Samobor, they were creating in Samobor. They were coming, leaving and returning back again because no one had been able to fully discover all of its treasures. Unlike many, Samobor is not attractive only in a particular season; it is equally attractive in summer and winter, in spring or autumn. 
Winter whiteness in the Samobor Hills is inviting mountaineers, sleigh riders and skiers. During the summer, mountain springs and pools attract fishermen and swimmers, fragrant hayfields invite hikers and walkers. In the spring, the Samobor landscapes blossom with flowers and orchards, while the bohori rose filles Samobor gardens. In the autumn, the countryside vineyards, full of fruits, are filled with songs of vine pickers; after a joyful work, they are gathering around the host's table with local homemade dishes and a fragrant and delicious Samobor wine.