City of Samobor

Samobor Castle

Ruins of Samobor Castle at Tepec Hill.

Samobor Castle was built between 1260. and 1264. by supporters of Czech king Otokar II, who expanded his territory all the way to Adriatic sea during that period. The king wanted to determine and strengthen the old border so he built a fortress above the town Samobor. Samobor Castle has changed many owners throughout the centuries. The ones that stand out the most are: Babonići, counts Celjski, king Matija Korvin, Barbara Frankopan, Ivan Hening Susedgradski, Ungand family, Erdödy family, Auersperg family. Through the 19th century the castle is in possession of Kulmer, Klepach and Allnoch families. The castle fell into a bad condition during the possession of the last owners, Montecuccoli family. 


Since there hasn’t been much life going on in the castle after the end of the 18th century, the roofs are overgrown, the floors gradually collapsed and the walls are soaked with rain and snow and are dissolved by ice..


The construction of a pentagonal tower did not significantly strengthen the defensive power of the castle itself. The tower could protect the entrance into a notch that leads to Rude (Rudarska Draga) and the west side access to the castle. With its outstretched position and size, it gave sort of a warning to the citizens of Samobor with whom feudalists from the castle constantly clashed. Bigger danger was threatening from the south side of the town, from the slopes of mount Tepec which lays above the castle. Walls of the north tower were 18 meters tall. Because of the slopes beneath it, it has a high pedestal  above which are artillery openings and armories on the first floor, while on the second floor the tower has bigger window openings.


During time when sir Ivica Sudnik, one of the founders of Samobor museum, was alive, he mentioned (and Mrs. Ivanka Brekalo documented) that the bigger parts of architectural elements, found during constructions led by Tihomil Stahuljak in 1942. and 1943., are buried inside of the north pentagonal tower - bastion. Based on those claims, Conservation department in Zagreb (Ministry of Culture, Republic of Croatia) financed constructions that took part in November of 2009.
 

Since 1902., the municipality of Samobor is in posession of the ruins of the Castle along with 27 acres of nearby forests. When ŠIŠMIŠ Sports society was established in Samobor, in the first years of its existence they were oriented towards sport and hiking, while later they focused on the preservation of the Samobor Castle ruins. In 1910, they were granted permission to rebuild a pentagonal tower. Their goal was to reconstruct the tower in its entirety and establish the first museum. In september, wooden roofing materials were built in Samobor, with the intention of carrying out the works next year, but thanks to an exceptionally beautiful autumn, it was possible to do it until the beginning of november. In order to avoid damaging the sculpture of the ruins, the pentagonal tower was reconstructed with a flat roof, with an idea of making a viewpoint in the same time. After putting in enormous efforts, the walls were repaired, a pillar was built in the middle of the tower in order to support a flat roof, which was finally poured with concrete. After ten years, everything that Šišmiš team made was destroyed.